Asked by: Alegra Kui
asked in category: General Last Updated: 27th June, 2020

What is a large volume of distribution?

If the volume of distribution is larger than 42, the drug is thought to be distributed to all tissues in the body, especially the fatty tissue. Some drugs have volume of distribution values greater than 10,000 L! This means that most of the drug is in the tissue, and very little is in the plasma circulating.

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Furthermore, what does volume of distribution of a drug mean?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In pharmacology, the volume of distribution (V D , also known as apparent volume of distribution ) is the theoretical volume that would be necessary to contain the total amount of an administered drug at the same concentration that it is observed in the blood plasma.

how do you find the volume of distribution of a drug? The volume of distribution is useful in estimating the dose required to achieve a given plasma concentration as A = C ·Vd, with A = amount of drug in the body (≈ dose, shortly after administration) and C = plasma concentration. Variation of Vd mainly affects the peak plasma concentration of the drug .

Beside above, what drugs have a large volume of distribution?

Some drugs (e.g. tolbutamide, phenytoin, gentamicin, warfarin ) are known to have small volumes of distribution (0.1–1 L/kg) while others (e.g. meperidine, propranolol, digoxin) are known to have large volumes of distribution (1–10 L/kg).

What factors affect volume of distribution?

"Patient factors could include age , gender , muscle mass, fat mass and abnormal fluid distribution (oedema, ascites, pleural effusion). The drug factors would include tissue binding, plasma protein binding and physicochemical properties of drug (size, charge, pKa, lipid solubility, water solubility)."

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